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Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia

Strategic Environmental Assessment



Academic unit

Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia


Departamento de Ciências e Engenharia do Ambiente



Teacher in charge

Tomás Augusto Barros Ramos

Weekly hours


Teaching language



This course provides students with an understanding of the theory and practice of integrated environmental assessment, as a process of producing policy-relevant information on key interactions between human activities and environmental systems. Environmental assessment guides and enhances decision-making processes. The main goal of this course is to provide the concepts, methodologies and practices related with Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) and environmental impacts mitigation. Students should be able to use SEA as an environmental management and assessment tool. This course is mainly interdisciplinary in nature, working by integrating environmental, social, economic, cultural and health information to evaluate the principal positive and negative impacts or risks and opportunities associated with policies, plans programmes proposals.


Training in Environmental Impact Assessment (projects), environmental planning and land use management

Subject matter

Module I: 1. Introduction to the course on Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) of Policies, Plans and Programmes (PPP); 2. Background/history, objectives, main concepts; advantages and limitations of SEA; principles and guidelines of SEA; 3. The European Union Directive 2001/42/EC on the assessment of the effects of certain plans and programmes on the environment; Kiev Protocol (Protocol on strategic environmental assessment to the convention on environmental impact assessment in a transboundary context, Kiev, 2003); 4. Types of SEA approaches and international experience; 5. SEA Process: setting the context to SEA; describing the environmental baseline; predicting, evaluating and mitigating impacts; SEA follow-up – PPP implementation, monitoring and management; 6. Documentation: environmental report, non technical summary and monitoring report. 7. SEA quality evaluation. 

Module II: 1. Importance of environmental impacts mitigation measures according to the European Union EIA Directive; 2. Negative impacts mitigation techniques; 3. environmental residual impacts follow-up; 4. evaluation of the mitigation measures effectiveness; 5. Impacts compensation; 6. mitigation and compensation  costs; 7. National and international experience.


Arts, J. (1998). EIA Follow-up: On the Role of Ex Post Evaluation in Environmental Impact Assessment. Geo Press, Groningen - The Netherlands´

CANTER, L. (1996). Environmental Impact Assessment. McGraw-Hi11, New York.

COLOMBO, A.G. (ed.) (1992). Environmental lmpact Assessment. Commission of the European Communities, Joint Research Centre. Euro Courses Series. Vo1. 1. K1uwer Academic Publishers.

EA – Environmental Agency (2005). Good Practice Guidelines for Strategic Environmental Assessment. Environmental Agency, United Kingdom.

EPD – Environmental Protection Department (2004). Hong Kong Strategic Environmental Assessment Manual. Environmental Protection Department, the Government of the Hong Kong Special Administration Region. Wanchai, Hong Kong.

European Commission (1999). Guidelines for the Assessment of Indirect and Cumulative Impacts as Well as Impact Interactions. Prepared by Hyder to the European Commission, NE80328/D1/3.

European Commission (2001). Guidance on ElA - EIS Review. Prepared by Environmental Resources Management for European Commission, Luxembourg.

European Commission (2001). Guidance on ElA - Scoping. Prepared by Environmental Resources Management for European Commission, Luxembourg.

European Commission (2001). Guidance on ElA - Screening. Prepared by Environmental Resources Management for European Commission, Luxembourg.

European Commission (2001). Strategic Environmental Assessment of Transport Corridors: Lessons learned comparing the methods of five Member States. Report prepared by Environmental Resources Management for the European Commission, DG Environment.

European Environment Agency (1998). Computer- Based Models In Integrated Environmental Assessment. A report prepared for the European Environment Agency. Technical report no.14. Copenhagen.

European Environment Agency (1998). Environmental Risk Assessment Approaches, Experiences and Information Source. European Environment Agency. Environmental Issues Series no.4. Copenhagen.

Glasson, J., Therivel, R. & Chadwick, A. (1999). Introduction to Environmental Impact Assessment. University College London (UCL) Press. Second Edition. Lonbon.

GRDPN – Greening Regional Development Programmes Network (2006). Handbook on SEA for Cohesion Policy 2007-2013. Greening Regional Development Programmes Network. Project part-financed by the European Union (interreg IIIC Programme).

IMPEL (1998). Interrelations between IPPC, EIA, Seveso Directives and EMAS Regulation. Final Report. European Union Network for the Implementation and Enforcement of Environment Law.

Jones, C., Baker, M., Carter, J., Jay, S., Short, M., Wood, C. (2005). Strategic Environmental Assessment and Land Use Planning: An International Evaluation, Earthscan Publications.

MMA (1996). Guía para la Elaboración de Estudios del Medio Físico. Contenido y Metodología. Ministerio de Medio Ambiente. Secretaría Gral. Técnica.

MOPU (1989). Guías Metodológicas para la Elaboración de Estudios de Impacto Ambiental: Carreteras y Ferrocarriles. Ministerio de Obras Públicas e Urbanismo,  Dirección General de Medio Ambiente, Madrid.

MOPU (1989). Guías Metodológicas para la Elaboración de Estudios de Impacto Ambiental: Repoblaciones Forestales. Ministerio de Obras Públicas e Urbanismo, Dirección General de Medio Ambiente, Madrid.

MOPU (1989). Guías Metodológicas para la Elaboración de Estudios de Impacto Ambiental: Embalses. Ministerio de Obras Públicas e Urbanismo, Dirección General de Medio Ambiente, Madrid.

MORGAN, R. (1999). Environmental Impact Assessment - a methodological approach. Academic Publishers.

Morris, P. & Therivel, R. (eds.) (1995). Methods of Environmental Impact Assessment. University College London (UCL) Press. London.

Oñate, J. ( 2002). Evaluacion Ambiental Estrategica, Mundi-Prensa Libros, Barcelona. (MMA/SQA) Ministério do Meio Ambiente, Secretaria de Qualidade Ambiental nos Assentamentos Humanos (2002).

OREA, D.G. (1994).  Ordenacion del Território - una aproximación desde el medio físico OREA, D.G. (1999). Evaluacion de Impacto Ambiental. Ed. Agrícola Española, S.A  4ª Edición.

Partidário, M. (2003). Guia para Avaliação Estratégica de Impactes em Ordenamento do Território. Direcção-Geral de Ordenamento do Território e Desenvolvimento Urbano, Lisboa, 77p.

ParTidário, M.R & Clark, R. (eds.) (1999). Perspectives on Strategic Environmental Assessment. Lewis Publishers, Inc.

PARTIDÁRIO, M.R. & JESUS, J. (2003). Fundamentos de Avaliação do Impacte Ambiental. Universidade Aberta, Lisboa.

Petts, J. (Ed.), (1999). Handbook on Environmental Impact Assessment. Vol. 1 and 2., London: Blackwell Science Ltd..  

Smith, M; João, E.; Albrecht, E. (2005). Implementing Strategic Environmental Assessment (Environmental Protection in the European Union), Springer, Berlim.

Suter II, G.W. (ed.) (1993). Ecological Risk Assessment. Lewis Publishers. Michigan.

Therivel, R. (2004). Strategic Environmental Assessment in Action. Earthscan Publications Ltd.

Therivel; R. & ParTidário, M.R. (eds.) (1997). The Practice of Strategic Environmental Assessment. Earthscan Publications Ltd.

Therivel; R. Wilson, E., Stewart, D.H. & Pritchard, D. (eds.) (1992).  Strategic Environmental Assessment. Earthscan.

Treweek, J. (1999). Ecological lmpact Assessment, London: Blackwell Science Ltd.

TSUNOKAWA, K. & HOBAN, C. (eds.) (1997). Roads and Environment - A Handbook. The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development. World Bank Technical Paper no.376.

WOOD, C. (1995). Environmental lmpact Assessment. A Comparative Review, Edinburgh Longman.

WOOD, C., BARKER, A. JONES, C. & HUGHES, J. (1996). Evaluation of the Performance of the ElA Process. Final report, Vol. 1: main report. ElA Centre; University of Manchester. European Commission, Contract B4-3040/95/451/MAR/B2.

Teaching method

The teaching method is supported by lectures and practical classes. The teaching methods are mainly conducted to support several aspects: a) individual/group technical and scientific skills; b) argument skills and coherent analysis in the interpretation of the studied subjects. Classes will be complemented with a tutorial system, using e-learning tools.

Evaluation method

Continual evaluation of performance supported by: a) Practical exercises; b) Working group (with real case studies).