Faculdade de Ciências Sociais e Humanas
Teacher in charge
Mário Jorge Carvalho
a). Acquire a basic historical-philosophical knowledge in the field of Anthropology.
b). Acquire the ability to recognize and understand the main tendencies and features of the European philosophical tradition regarding the concept of human nature.
c). Develop a critical attitude and acquire the ability to reflect on the main issues of Philosophical Anthropology.
d) . Acquire a basic knowledge of the complex and multilayered problems that exist in the field of Philosophical Anthropology and of the different research areas that intersect in it.
Anthropology, “anthropologia transcendentalis” and existential “anthropologia transcendentalis”
“Anthropologia transcendentalis” calls into question all the many forms of anthropology. And existential “anthropologia trancendentalis” calls into question all non-existential anthropology. But why is it that anthropology needs to be transcendental and existential? These questions are central to Philosophical Anthropology, which has to always in some way resolve this “conflict”. Our aim is to discuss all this on the basis of a review of Heidegger’s “existenziale Daseinsanalytik”. The main steps in what Heidegger calls “preparatory fundamental analysis” will also be reviewed. The main concern of this review will be to highlight the phenomena corresponding to the various structures identified by Heidegger, and in particular the “In-der-Welt-sein” structure, the difference between pre-cognitive and cognitive “In-sein”, Heidegger’s analysis of “transcendental illusion”, the question of the articulation between the various “existentials” and various “categories”, and the way in which all the setting-up of this “preparatory fundamental analysis” leads to the discovery of something like an “existential monad” – with the result that all the various regions of reality visible to us, in spite of the heterogeneity that distinguishes them, are together supported by the same fundamental “enabling power” (“das Ermöglichende”): the same existential “monadic identity”, which is the source of all “presence” and meaning..
HEIDEGGER, M., Gesamtausgabe. Ausgabe letzter Hand, Frankfurt a. M., Klostermann, 1975-
HEIDEGGER, M., Sein und Zeit, Tübingen, Niemeyer, 1977 (= Gesamtausgabe 2), Frankfurt a. M., Klostermann, 1977, 199317, sucessivas reedições
trad. inglesa: Being and Time, tr. J. Macquarrie,E. Robinson, New York, Harper & Row, 1962; nova tradução inglesa: Being and Time: A Translation of Sein und Zeit, tr. J. Stambough, Albany (N.Y.), State University of N.Y. Press, 1996
trad. francesa: Être et temps, tr. F. Vezin, Paris, Gallimard, 1986
A bibliografia completa será fornecida no início do curso
Course of theoretical-practical character. The methodology used combines a theoretical examination of questions and the interpretation of texts. Phenomenological analysis. Discussion of alternative perspectives, objections, counter-examples
Individual evaluation. Obligatory written exam (2/3). Each student will have to present a written work on an approved topic and discuss it with the lecturer (1/3).