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# Physics II

10353

### Department

Departamento de Física

6.0

### Teacher in charge

João Paulo Lança Pinto Casquilho, Rui Filipe dos Reis Marmont Lobo

4

71

Português

### Objectives

Fundamental concepts and techniques of Thermodynamics

will be introduced, together with application and examples.

Students should be able  to deeply understand the processes occurring in thermodynamic systems.

### Prerequisites

Aproval in the subjects

"Análise Matemática I"

and

"Física I"

is recommended.

### Subject matter

`1. Introdution to Fluid Mechanics2. Fundamental concepts   2.1. Thermodynamic systems   2.2. Thermodynamic properties   2.3. Thermodynamic processes3. Temperature and state equation   3.1. Thermometric properties   3.2. Thermal balance   3.3. Thermal scales   3.4. Ideal gas state equation - PvT surface   3.5. Real gas state equation   3.6. Phase transitions4. Kinetic theory   4.1. The theorem of equipartition of energy   4.2. Specific heat classical theory5. First law of thermodynamics - energy conservation   5.1. Work   5.2. Heat   5.3. Enthalpy   5.4. Specific heat and latent heat   5.5. Internal energy   5.6. Thermal machines, thermal pumps and refrigerators   5.7. Heat transfer6. Second law of thermodynamics - Entropy   6.1. Kelvin and Clausius formulations   6.2. Carnot''''''''s theorem   6.3. Thermodynamic temperature   6.4. Entropy   6.5. Entropy change in reversible processes   6.6. Clausius inequality   6.7. Entropy formulation of the second law7. Combined first and second law  of thermodynamics   7.1. Using T and V as independent variables   7.2. Using T and P as independent variables   7.3. TdS equations   7.4. Properties of pure substances   7.5. Properties of ideal gases    7.6. Properties of van der Waals´s gases8. Thermodynamic potential   8.1. Maxwell relations   8.2. Thermochemical enthalpy9. Third law of thermodynamics - zero point`

### Bibliography

a)  Halliday, Resnick and Walker, Fundamentals of Physics, 7th ed

b) M. W. Zemansky, R. H. Dittman, Heat and Thermodynamics, 6th Ed.
c) Y. A. Çengel, M. A. Boles, Termodinâmica, 3ª Ed.
d) M. L. Costa, A. A. Dias, M. C. Lança, Folhas de Física II – Termodinâmica, FCT-UNL.