Introduction to Physical Chemistry
Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia
Departamento de Química
Teacher in charge
Ana Isabel Nobre Martins Aguiar de Oliveira Ricardo
The overall objective of Introduction to Physical-Chemistry is to provide the fundamental scientific background and practical training in Chemistry that are the basis for the understanding of the world around us. A key general objective is the development of qualitative and quantitative problem-solving skills. Of comparable importance is to learn proper laboratory practices, execute experiments, interpret experimental results and draw reasonable conclusions. Specific learning objectives for this course include the development of conceptual understanding of: bulk properties and models of gases, liquids and solids; thermodynamic laws and their relation with equilibrium - entropy and free energy concepts; physical and chemical equilibria; acqueous equilibria; electrochemistry and chemical kinetics.
Knowledge of General Chemistry at undergraduate level
1.1.1.Solids, liquids and gases.
1.1.3.Phase diagrams for pure substances
1.1.4.Ideal gases and real gases.
1.2.1.Revision of concepts: sistems, work, energie and heat.
1.2.2.Calorimetry. Specific heat and heat capacity.
22.214.171.124st Law of Thermodynamics.
1.2.4.Energy transfer in chemical reactions.
1.2.5.Enthalpy. Formation Enthalpy and reaction Enthalpy.
1.3.Entropy, Gibbs energy and equilibrium.
1.3.2.Entropy and the 2nd law of Thermodynamics.
1.3.3.Total entropy chnages.
1.3.5.Gibbs energy and chemical equilibrium.
1.4. Physical equilibrium
1.4.1.Phase transitions and phase diagrams.
1.4.4. Binarymixtures. Ideal solutions. Raoult Law.
1.5. Chemical Equilibrium.
1.5.1.The concept of chemical equilibrium. Ways of expressing equilibrium constants.
1.5.2.Factors that affect chemical equilibrium. Le Châtelier Principle.
1.6. Acid-Base Equilibria.
1.6.1.Conjugate acid-base pair. The ion product of water and the pH scale.
1.6.2.pH of solutions.
1.7.1.Solubility equilibria and solubility product.
1.7.2.Common ion effect.
1.8.1.Galvanic Cells. Schematic representation of galvanic cells.
1.8.2.Standard electrode potentials.
1.9.1.The rate of reactions.
1.9.2.Rate laws. Experimental determination of rate law.
1.9.3.Arrhenius Law and activation energy.
1.9.4. Reaction mechanisms. Elementary steps. Molecularity.
1.9.5.Introduction to the collision theory and activated complex theory.
-“Chemical Principles. The Quest for Insight”, P.Atkins and L. Jones, Freeman 5th ed.(2010).
-“Química” (tradução portuguesa de “Chemistry”), R. Chang, 8ª ed., McGraw-Hill (2005).
-“Chemistry”, Raymond Chang, 8th ed., McGraw-Hill (2005).
Lectures, problem-solving sessions and labs connecting the class room, the lab and the world.
Lab mark: evaluation of experimental data achieved (all the lab sessions are compulsive).
Final mark: 0,20 lab mark + 0,20 moodle quizzes mark+0,60 theory mark.