Faculdade de Ciências Sociais e Humanas

Quantitative Methods Quantitative Methods Quantitative Methods



Academic unit

Faculdade de Ciências Sociais e Humanas


Ciências da Comunicação



Teacher in charge

Cláudia Guerra Madeira, José Alberto Simões

Weekly hours


Teaching language



a) To know and critically evaluate the epistemological principals of research in social sciences;
b) To know the theoretical and methodological procedures involved in social sciences research, in order to be able to develop your own research project;
c) To analyse quantitative data collected through social research concerning social reality;
d) To critically evaluate the results from social research, specially quantitative data.



Subject matter

1 The problem of method or an introduction to the research approach
1.1 Scientific criteria
1.2 Dynamic nature of scientific knowledge

2The construction of social research
2.1Introduction: some itineraries of social research
2.2 Research procedure stages: from research problems to observation
2.2.1Staring research question and exploratory gathering of information
2.2.2Theoretical framework
2.2.3Building a model of analysis
2.2.4Observation: data collection the population and sampling procedures questionnaire: theoretical problems and practice

3The results of social research: treatment and analysis of information
3.1 Initial procedures of data treatment
3.2Introduction to statistical data analysis
3.2.1Univariate statistical analysis: central tendency and dispersion measures
3.2.2Bivariate analysis: crossable analysis, significance tests and measures of statistical association


BRYMAN, Alan (2004, 2ª ed.), Social Research Methods, Oxford, Oxford University Press.
CHAMPAGNE, Patrick, Lenoir, Remi, Merlié, Dominique e Pinto, Louis (1998), Iniciação à prática sociológica, Petrópolis, Vozes, 1ª ed. orig. 1989.
LEVIN, Jack e FOX, James Alan (2004, 9ª ed.), Estatística para ciências humanas, São Paulo, Pearson/Prentice Hall.
QUIVY, Raymond e Campenhoudt, Luc Van (1998), Manual de Investigação em Ciências Sociais, Lisboa, Gradiva, 2 ed. revista e aumentada, 1ª ed. orig. 1988.

Teaching method

Theoretical classes (40%);
Practical classes (60%): exploration of examples and exercise solving; discution and exercise solving by students; oral presentation and discussion of ongoing students work.

Evaluation method

Individual test, written in class (30%);
Research project, collectively written with a group of students (65%);
Participation in practical lessons, including group presentation of ongoing research project (5%).