Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia




Academic unit

Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia


Departamento de Ciências da Terra



Teacher in charge

Maria Manuela Malhado Simões Ribeiro

Weekly hours


Total hours


Teaching language



The Hydrogeology provides a balanced program of study between theory and practical application of principles of groundwater hydrology and hydraulics to complex environmental and water resource problems.

The Hydrogeology program is designed to prepare students to enter in a professional level in the field of water resources and environmental protection.


The Hydrogeology program requires students to have a broad background in earth sciences and engineering.

Students must have a strong general scientific background in basic physic, chemistry, economy and mathematics.

Subject matter

1. Water. Hydrology and Hydrogeology. The hydrologic cycle. Precipitation and evaporation. Formation of precipitation. Measurement of precipitation. Evaporation and transpiration. Evapotranspiration.

2. Aquifers. Properties of aquifers. Porosity and permeability. Darcy’s experiment. Hydraulic conductivity. Water table. Water table and potentiometric surface maps. Aquifer characteristics.

3. Principles of groundwater flow. Darcy’s law. Equations of groundwater flow in confined and unconfined aquifers.

4. Groundwater flow to wells. Determining aquifer parameters from time-drawdown data. Aquifer-test. Aquifer tests with observation wells.

5. Physical and chemical properties of water. Water quality and groundwater contamination. Dissolved constituents and suspended material in the water. Classification of water. Total dissolved solids. Dominant ions. Water use and water origin. Groundwater pollution. Saline intrusion. Nitrate pollution and other causes of groundwater pollutions


Hiscock, K. Hydrogeology: Principles and practice. Blackwell Publishing, United Kingdom; 2007. ISBN: 978-0-632-05763-4 

Fitts, C. R. Groundwater Science. Academic Press, London, 2002, ISBN: 0-12-257855-4

Weight, W. D. & Sonderegger, J. L. Manual of Applied Field Hydrogeology. McGraw – Hill; New York, 2000. ISBN: 13:978-0-07-069639-6

Feitosa F. A. C. & Filho J. M. Hidrogeologia, conceitos e aplicações. CPRM-Serviço Geológico do Brasil – Lab. de Hidrogeologia da UFPE. Fortaleza, 2008, 3ª ed., 391 p. ISBN 2-04-011221-9

Robert A. Bisson & Jay H. Leher  Modern groundwater exploration. Wiley - Interscience, A John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Publication, 2004. 309 p.

Teaching method

Lectures and experimental classes. In the experimental sessions, students are invited to apply advanced theoretical and analytical skills in the groundwater study.