Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia

Topography and Geographic Information Systems



Academic unit

Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia


Departamento de Engenharia Civil



Teacher in charge

Armando Manuel Sequeira Nunes Antão, Rui Alexandre Lopes Baltazar Micaelo

Weekly hours


Total hours


Teaching language



Ensure learning of the main concepts and applications of the Topography and the Geographic Information Systems to Civil Engineering, namely:

-Reading and comprehension of earth surface representations (paper sheets and digital);

-Measured variables and surveying methods, techniques and equipments to the surveying, positioning and monitoring.

-Surveying accuracy and the methods to eliminate and correct/compensate errors.

Subject matter

[1] Cartography: topography maps; earth representation; coordinates systems; cartographic projections.

[2] Measurements and observation equipments: difference in level; angles; distances.

[3] Classical surveying methods: levelling; topography surveying.

[4] Network of topographic support: triangulation; intersection; traversing.

[5] Other surveying methods: GPS – Global Positioning System; aerial photogrammetry; remote sensing; laser scanning.

[6] Geographic information systems: elementary concepts and applications.


[1] José Gonçalves, Sérgio Madeira, J. Sousa. TOPOGRAFIA – Conceitos e Aplicações, Lidel, 2008. ISBN: 978-972-757-485-8

[2] Casaca, João; Matos, João; Baio, Miguel. Topografia geral, Lidel, 3ª ed. 2000. ISBN: 972-757-135-2

[3] Gaspar, Joaquim Alves. Cartas e projecções cartográficas, Lidel, 2000. ISBN: 972-757-151-4

[4] Instituto Geográfico do Exército. Manual de Leitura de Cartas; IgeoE; 5ª ed. 2002

[5] Wolf, Paul R. Elementary surveying. HarperCollins College Publishers, 9th Ed. 1994, USA.

Teaching method

The course consists of theoretical and practical classes, each 1,5 h per week, where it is intended the students to acquire knowledge with the oral presentation of the matters in the theoretical classes and the application to a selected set of practical exercises.    

The evaluation is done during the semester with tests amd team works (field word and projects).

Evaluation method

The evaluation includes two components: theoretical-pratical (80%); project (20%).

The theoretical-pratical component includes 2 written tests during the semester.

The project component includes 1 field work and 1 written work.

It is approved who complies with the following: (i) frequency; (ii) final grade equal or higher than 9.5/20; (iii) grade on written tests equal or higher than 9.0/20. 

The evaluation depends on getting frequency, which requires attending 2/3 of the lectures and 2/3 of the pratical classes, and participating in the field work.