Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia

Geophysics

Code

10668

Academic unit

Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia

Department

Departamento de Física

Credits

6.0

Teacher in charge

Maria Isabel Simões Catarino

Weekly hours

5

Total hours

80

Teaching language

Português

Objectives

Present a comprehensive overview of the fundamental principles of each major branch of geophysics: gravity, seismology, geochronology, thermodynamics, geoelectricity, and geomagnetism.

Prerequisites

Linear Algebra and Analytical Geometry, Mathematics I, Mathematics II and Physics (Mechanics).

Subject matter

1. Earth in the Solar System
  1.1 The Solar System in the Universe
  1.2 Solar System planets
2. Gravity
  2.1 Gravitation
  2.2 Earth’s rotation
  2.3 Earth’s shape and gravity
  2.4 Gravity anomalies
  2.5 Isostasy
3. Seismology
  3.1 Elasticity theory
  3.2 Seismic waves
  3.3 Earthquake seismology
  3.4 Seismic wave propagation
  3.5 Internal structure of the Earth
4. Geoelectricity
  4.1 Earth’s electrical properties
  4.2 Resistivity surveying
5. Geomagnetism
  5.1 The Physics of Magnetism
  5.2 Rock magnetism
  5.3 Geomagnetism
  5.4 Magnetic anomalies
6. Geochronology
  6.1 Natural radioactivity and radioactive decays
  6.2 Radiometric age determination
7. Earth’s heat
  7.1 Thermodynamic principles
  7.2 Heat transport in the Earth
  7.3 Heat sources
  7.4 The heat conduction equation
  7.5 Continental and Oceanic heat flow

Bibliography

1- Geofísica, FCT/UNL
2- W. Lowrie, Fundamentals of Geophysics, Cambridge University Press
3- J. Sanny e W. Moebs, University Physics, Wm. C. Brown
4- P.Mechler, Les Méthodes de la Géophysique, Bordas
5- M.D.Dobrin, Introduction to Geophysical Prospecting, McGraw Hill
6- J. A. Jacobs, R.D.Russel e J. T.Wilson, Physics and Geology, McGraw Hill
7- P.V.Sharma, Geophysical Methods in Geology, Elsevier

Teaching method

Lectures and problem-solving sessions.

Courses