Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia

Production Planning and Control



Academic unit

Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia


Departamento de Engenharia Mecânica e Industrial



Teacher in charge

Alexandra Maria Batista Ramos Tenera, Virgílio António Cruz Machado

Weekly hours


Total hours


Teaching language



In the end of this course the students must have expertise''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''s on:

 - Understand the importance of the production and operations management in the organizations;

- Identify and characterize several production environments;

- Characterize main production costs and production capacities;

- Establish aggregate plans and master production plans;

- Define materials and resources needs according to the MRP logic;

- Schedule operations in different production systems  (ERP, JIT/Lean, TOC).

During this course we also promote team work and leadership.



Is advised that students have some expertise in: Inventory Management, Operational Research and Quantitative Methods.

Subject matter

1. Medium Range Production Planning

  • Production plans in companies a hierarchical approach;
  • Aggregate planning;
  • Strategies and variables used in production planning;
  • Production planning strategies associated costs;
  • Developing a master production schedule: functions and directives;
  • Linear programming in production planning.

2. Material Requirements and Manufacturing Resource Planning

  • Scope and benefits;
  • Bill of materials file and its use;
  • Basic MRP logic;
  • Capacity requirements planning (CRP);
  • Closed loop approach.

3. Sequencing and Scheduling

  • Assignments methods: hungarian method and transportation model;
  • Priority rules and plan evaluation;
  • Johnson''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''s method for n/2 e n/3.

 4. Lean and Just-in-Time (JIT) Systems

  • Main concepts and tools for Lean production systems ;
  • Fundamental components of JIT;
  • Aplicability, conditions and operational implications;
  • Kanbans systems characterization;
  • Capacity and number of kanbans quantification.
  • Scheduling in TOC and JIT systems with capacity constraints

5. Theory of Constraints (TOC)

  • Fundametal principles and concepts;
  • Main components of the TOC;
  • TOC POOGI basic steps;
  • System analysis with TOC basic steps.
  • Scheduling in TOC with capacity constraints



- Stevenson, W. (2011). Operations Management (Operations and Decision Sciences). Irwin / McGraw-Hill.

- Heizer, J. & Render, B. (2010). Operations Management. New Jersey, Pearson Prentice Hall.

- Krajewski, L.; Ritzman, B. & Malhotra (2009). Operations Management (9th).Pearson Prentice Hall. 

- Chase, R. ; Aquilano, N. & Jacobs, F. (2010). Operations and Supply Chain Management (13th ed.). Irwin / McGraw-Hill.

- Pinedo, M.(2012). Operations Scheduling:Theory, Algorithms, and Systems. Irwin / McGraw-Hill.

- Cox III, J. & Schleier, J. (2010). Theory of Constraints Handbook. McGraw-Hill.

- Wilson, L. (2009). How To Implement Lean Manufacturing.McGraw-Hill.

Teaching method

Lectures are carried out combining theoretical classes and applied classes.

Evaluation method

The course grading shall be based on the following:

Group Assignment (GA) +

EX or Mid (T1) and End (T2) semester tests if Ts>7v and  (T1+T2) average > 9 v

GA is used to decide access to a final exam (obtained if  TG > 9 ).

FINAL GRADE = 0.4 TG + 0.6 EX