NOVA Medical School | Faculdade de Ciências Médicas





Cardiopneumology teaching area of ESSCVP



Teacher in charge

Manuel Pedro Salema Fevereiro

Teaching language

Portuguese / English


1. To know and understand the differences between Ethics, Moral and Deontology;

2. To comprehend the evolution of the currents of moral ethics throughout history;

3. To know and comprehend the current modern ethics;

4. To recognize and understand the principles of medical ethics, as well as its origin;

5. Understand what is moral reasoning;

6. To recognize strategies to solve ethical dilemmas;

7. To recognize the main dilemmas of research ethics.



Subject matter

Ethics, Moral and Deontology

Main currents of moral philosophy throughout history: the divine command; the cultural relativism; the subjectivist ethics; the utilitarianism, the Kantian ethics and the "categorical imperative"; the social contract; the ethics of virtue, the principlism;

How the principles of medical ethics have developed: the Nuremberg code; the Declaration of Helsinki. The current principles of medical ethics: Autonomy, Beneficence, no maleficence, justice.

Other principles: privacy, confidentiality, informed consent, dignity, right to life;

What is moral reasoning? Levels of development of moral reasoning. How to resolve an ethical dilemma.

Traditional norms of science: universalism, Communion, disinterest, skepticism.

Principles of Ethics in Clinical Research: Value Research, scientific validity, selection of research subjects, risk-benefit ratio, review of protocols, informed consent, respect for subjects.


1. The Elements of Moral Philosophy (2nd Edition) James Rachel, 1986 McGraw-Hill, Inc. Investigação Biomédica – Reflexões Éticas, CNECV, Paula Martinho da Silva (Coord.) 2008 Gradiva

2. International Ethical Guidelines for Biomedical Research Involving Human Subjects.

3. prepared by the Council for International Organizations of Medical Sciences (CIOMS) in collaboration with the World Health Organization (WHO) Geneve 2002 -

Teaching method

The theoretical classes will take place through lectures with questioning.

The theoretical-practical classes will include presentation and guided discussions about case studies.

Evaluation method

The evaluation will consist of an individual monograph.